Publications / Policy Papers

Policy Brief

"Making finance flows consistent with a pathway towards low greenhouse gas emissions and climate-resilient development,” also known as Article 2.1c, is of particular importance to the success of the Paris Agreement. It represents one of the three long-term goals of the agreement, while also being a means to achieve the other two long-term goals… >>>

Policy Brief

Since the adoption of the Copenhagen Accord in 2009, international negotiations on climate finance under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) have focused primarily on quantitative elements, in particular the amount of financial resources provided over a certain amount of time or the resources allocated to certain… >>>

Policy Brief

The formal negotiations on the post-2025 goal are yet to take off. But taking previous negotiations on climate finance matters into consideration, efforts of navigating all interests towards a satisfying decision should not be underestimated - not to mention the delay already imposed by the COVID-19 pandemic. In light of this, this policy brief… >>>

Policy Brief

Many described the outcomes of 15th Conference of the Parties (COP15) in Copenhagen as insufficient or even disastrous. However, amid them, the agreement to provide USD 100 billion annually in climate finance by 2020 was heralded as an achievement. It is one of the few memorable positives for the 2009 conference, which… >>>

The current climate change challenge exceeds by far the capacity of many developing countries to respond to its impacts and address the sustainable development needs of their communities. It is unlikely that developing countries can address the impacts of climate change with their domestic resources only. Scaling-up both… >>>

Briefing Paper

Monitoring and evaluation (M&E) has involved external experts or stakeholders measuring performance of a project or an activity against preset indicators, using standardized procedures and tools. However, with growing emphasis on participatory approaches towards development, there has been recognition that M&E should also be inclusive… >>>

Briefing Paper
A Complement to Strong Country Contributions for GCF Replenishment?

The Green Climate Fund (GCF) is the world’s largest dedicated fund for climate action. By the end of this year it will have distributed all USD 10.2 billion of its initial resource mobilisation to over 102 projects in 97 countries, and we hope have raised twice as much again in… >>>

Ex-ante communication of climate finance is expected provide developing country Parties with the necessary certainty to plan for their low-carbon, climate-resilient development pathways. However, providing such information well in advance comes with certain challenges, deriving from the quite diverse nature of national budgetary processes.… >>>

The need to invest in adaptation rests upon the assumption that ‘anticipated risks or experienced impacts of climate change require action to ensure the safety of populations and the security of assets, including ecosystems and their services’. The outcomes of UN climate negotiations, including the Paris Agreement, are continuously urging for… >>>

Policy Brief | November 2017

The Paris Agreement (PA) marks a turning point in terms of defining targets and corresponding measures by introducing the concept of self-defined Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs); at the same time, it also calls for higher standards of accountability by launching the development of an enhanced transparency framework of action and… >>>